Republic of Tajikistan

Politics and economy

Tajikistan is a presidential republic. The main body of the legislative branch is the parliament—the Madzhlisi Oli.

Tajikistan is an agrarian and industrial country. Its main industries are natural gas, coal, non-ferrous metallurgy and light industry. Most of its large companies are controlled by the state. The country has significant potential in the area of hydroelectric power, and among the CIS countries is second only to Russia in this regard.

Tajikistan is rich in deposits of precious stones, uranium, gold, coal and aluminum ores. The north of the country is home to the Bolshoi Konimansur deposit, one of the largest deposits of silver in the world.

The country imports ferrous metals, products of light industry, cars, food, agricultural equipment, pharmaceutical products and medical equipment. The main importers from the country are Russia (32.3%), China (11.9%), Kazakhstan (8.8%) and Uzbekistan (4.7%). Tajikistan’s national currency is the somoni.

Tajikistan has a bilevel banking system which includes the National Bank of Tajikistan (NBT) and 14 commercial banks. The National Bank of Tajikistan regulates commercial banks. As a first-level bank, it acts as the lender of last resort for them.

National AML/CFT regime

The laws of Tajikistan provide for criminal penalties for crimes associated with money laundering and terrorist financing. The country has been working on comprehensive AML/CFT legislation. To this end, a working group led by the President’s Economic Advisor was formed in January 2009 (AML/CFT Law).

In October 2009, President Emomali Rakhmon signed Decree No. 724 on the creation of a financial intelligence unit (FIU) called the Financial Monitoring Department of the National Bank of Tajikistan. The department is an administrative-type FIU.

The department is tasked mainly with collecting and analyzing information from organizations subject to financial monitoring and transferring it to authorized law enforcement bodies. To support the work of the FIU, incoming financial information is constantly monitored and analyzed.

Four divisions have been created in the Financial Monitoring Department.

Cooperation with the EAG

Tajikistan is one of the founding states of the EAG and has been an active member of the group.

Mutual evaluation report of Tajikistan by the World Bank was approved at the 9th EAG Plenary meeting. It has been recommended that Tajikistan should bring its national legislation into compliance with the FATF Recommendations and take the necessary steps to support the functioning of the financial intelligence unit.

 The 21st EAG Plenary meeting was held in Tajikistan in November 2014.


    Upcoming events

    EAG in the news

    Participation on the Egmont Group Meetings The Chairman of the State Financial Intelligence Service under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, Mr. Aibek Kadyraliev has participated at the Egmont Group of FIUs’ Meetings, which are held from January 30 to February 2, 2017 in Doha, Qatar
    The summarizing “round table” "Evaluation of the financing of terrorism risks in the sector of non-profit organizations (NPOs) in the Kyrgyzstan" took place on February 2, in Bishkek The event was organized by the Public Fund "Civiс Participation" together with the State Financial Intelligence Service under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, with the technical support of the "Soros-Kyrgyzstan" Foundation and the The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law, as part of the National Risk Assessment of legalization (laundering) of criminal proceeds and financing of terrorism, which is conducted in accordance with the FATF Recommendations
    Common projects with the OSCE Programme Office in Astana, 2016 In 2016 the Financial Monitoring Committee of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter Committee) and OSCE Programme Office in Astana continue advanced training of people working in the Committee, subjects of financial monitoring, representatives of law enforcement and government agencies, who are responsible for AML/CFT.
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